Special Session 6

Special Session 6 Fast active power injections to improve system frequency response in low inertia systems
Organizers Dr F. Gonzalez-Longatt, CREST, Loughborough University, United Kingdom
Date and Time  24 May 2018, 03.30 pm – 05.00 pm
Location  MR308

The total system inertia (H) is the primary source of electricity system robustness to frequency disturbances which arise due to an imbalance of generation and demand. The traditional large synchronous generators directly connected to the grid are the main sources of inertia, and they play an important role in limiting rate of change of frequency (ROCOF) and provide a natural response to the system frequency changes following an unscheduled loss of generation or demand from the power system.

The transition to a low carbon society is the driving force pushing the traditional power system to increase the volume of non-synchronous technologies which mainly use power converters as an interface to the power network. The PCs decoupled the primary source from the power network, as a consequence are not able to contribute with “natural” inertia in the same way as classical synchronous generators.

This special session, titled “fast active power injections to improve system frequency response in low inertia systems”, is looking into innovative operation and control scheme applied to power converter-based technologies in order improve the system frequency response. Fast active power injections consider

The list of topics included in this special session are (but not limited to):

  • Challenges in frequency control and transient stability in power converter dominated and low inertia systems.

  • Technology-dependent challenges/solutions on frequency control in low inertia systems:

    • Smart charging and electric vehicles (EV) to the grid.

    • Wind power plant (WPP) and wind turbines generator (WTG): individual solutions and integration of distributed/ centralized.

    • Battery energy storage system (BESS): new tendencies in electrochemical storage.

    • Flywheel (FW)

    • Ultracapacitors (UC)

    • Pumped hydro storage (PHS), Compressed air energy storage (CAES), etc.

    • HVDC interconnectors.

  • Distributed and centralised Electrical Energy Storage Systems (EESS) to enable frequency support in low inertia systems: primary and secondary frequency response.

  • Industrial experiences in EESS providing frequency support services.

  • Innovative frequency control schemes applied to EESS:

    • Ultra-fast frequency response: fast active power injection (less than 1-second response)

    • Inertial response: synthetic inertia, emulated inertia, etc.

    • Fast Power Reserve Emulation.

  • Commercial perspectives of frequency control schemes applied to EESS.

  • Coordination between EESS to provide frequency support services.

Speaker summary:  will be announced soon