Standardization Efforts for Smart Cities

Time: 3:30 pm – 5:30 pm, SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 16

Part 1: GS1/ISO/IEC Standards At-a-Glance: Identify, Capture, Share, and Use

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In the Smart Cities Preliminary Report 2014 published by ISO/IEC JTC1, they have emphasized the importance of standardized, computer-recognizable, and actionable open data produced by various city resources. International standardization working groups such as ISO/IEC JTC1, JTC1/SC31 have been establishing new standards and also adopting existing standards for object identification, data modeling, and data acquisition which are the key features of the smart-city data platform.

ISO/IEC data standards have adopted many existing GS1 (Global Standards One) standards. GS1 is an international non-profit organization with 112 member organizations worldwide and more than two million user companies over 40 years. They develop global standards of how to identify, capture, share and use the data of real-world objects in business communication. The best-known standard is the barcode in retails, and they are expanding their area to healthcare, transport and logistics, food service, technical industries, and smart cities.

In this tutorial, we will give the introduction of GS1, and present the GS1’s standardization efforts with use case examples. Topics are as follows; 1) Identification and classification, 2) Semantic vocabulary, 3) Modeling and sharing of city resource metadata, 4) Master data, transaction, and event data modeling, 5) Data sharing system (API, distributed repository), 6) Smart data browsing, 7) Service registration, discovery, and access, 8) Traceability and block chain adoption, 9) Web vocabulary for city data, and 10) Oliot open source project.

Lastly, we would like to introduce Urban Technology Alliance (UTA) that aims to bring a complete smart city ecosystem, concerning various stakeholders such as city and government, industry, academia, non-profit organizations, and the most important, citizen.

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Dr. Daeyoung Kim is a Professor of School of Computing at KAIST (Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology), South Korea. He has co-authored more than 250 academic papers in Internet of Things, Wireless Sensor Networks, Cloud Computing, Deep Learning, and Block Chain since 1990. He is the Director of Auto-ID Labs at KAIST ( and leading the Oliot Open Source IoT Platform Project ( which implements GS1 EPCglobal international standards and beyond. He is actively collaborating with industry in the fields of food service, agriculture, healthcare, connected cars, smart factory, and smart city.

Dr. Kim is the chairman of several Korean government committees including the new industry committee of open data strategy council, the standard committee of retail industry alliance, and the future industry standard institute of Korea Medium & Small Industries Managers Association. He is also leading one of the smart city advisory committee of the city of Busan, Korea and a member of organizing committee of the International Urban Technology Alliance (UTA).



Part 2: Using the IES-City Framework (Internet-of-Things-Enabled Smart City Framework)


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The IES-City Framework (IES-City) is the result of an international collaboration sponsored by eight U.S. and international partners. Its goals are to reduce the barriers to deploying integrated and replicable smart city solutions. This is accomplished through the provision of analytical tools that facilitate rapid identification and thus specification of key dimensions of smart city applications.

The goal of this effort is to assist discussion, comparison, and standardization of smart city technologies to accelerate the development of this societal opportunity. IES-City describes an approach and taxonomy for framing technologies for smart cities that can allow SDOs, technology providers, communities, and other smart city stakeholders to use a unifying approach to present their results without constraining their technical decisions and methods.

This tutorial will explore the components of the IES-City Framework in a hypothetical use case for a smart city integration project. Illustrated will be the set of example smart city applications summarized in the framework from global applications and NIST-led Global City Team’s Challenge clusters, the use of the Application Framework Tool which facilitates early investigations of high-level requirements, readiness and benefits, and, a technology suite comparative analysis based on the NIST CPS Framework. These tools can reduce the complexity of efforts to develop harmonized specifications and standards so that organizations can focus on realization of the benefits of smart cities.

Dr. Burns will also illustrate the collaboration site home of IES-City and how interested parties can contribute further to depth and breadth of the results.

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Dr. Martin (Marty) Burns is an Associate Director of Testbed Science at National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST). Marty has been driving standards and their implementations for the Smart Grid, Home, and Building Automation — i.e. the Internet of Things for 35+ years. At NIST, Marty works at the Smart Grid and Cyber-Physical Systems Program Office specializing in Data Interoperability, IoT Architecture, and Federated Test Beds, and has been involved in leading IoT Enabled Smart Cities Framework.

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A broad audience of stakeholders of smart cities from all disciplines with or without technical backgrounds.