Forensic Institutions around the world
Institutions in different nations define minimum level of competence of the forensic engineer, with the major objective of these institutions being to promote forensic science, improve the practice and elevate forensic engineering standards (Figure 1).
Fig. 1: Forensic institutions around the world
Major forensic associations are shown in the Table I.
These associations, in general, were formed to identify and bring together professional engineers having qualifications and expertise as practicing forensic engineers to further their continuing education and promote high standards of professional ethics and excellence of practice.
They seek to share knowledge, exchange experiences and come to mutual agreements in the field of forensic science. Several associations organize activities include meetings and scientific seminars, collaborative studies and proficiency tests, advising relevant partners on forensic issues
These institutions can support the additional duty for accident prevention by forensic investigations that is to perfect safety procedures and safer behaviors by collecting information on human errors and failure modes as suggested in this paper. The safety, as well known, is one of the basic human rights. Considering their role in the professional ethics and excellence of practice, these institutions can take into account this opportunity of safety increasing and thus provide for better ways to implement it. In other words, they can evaluate if the professional secrecy has to cover the junior engineering level or parts of it. They can establish if the results of the investigations and root cause analysis have to be made available for databases in an anonymous way and if the same data collection can be another duty for the same institutions.
Table I: Several forensic institutions around the world
|AAFS||the American Academy of Forensic Sciences||USA|
|AFSN||the Asian Forensic Sciences Network||Asia|
|AICEF||Academia Iberoamericana de Criminalística y Estudios Forenses||Central& South America|
|ANZFSS||the Australian and New Zealand Forensic Science Society||Australia &New Zeland|
|BFDE||the Board of Forensic Document Examiners||USA|
|ANZFSS||the Australian and New Zealand Forensic Science Society||Australia & New Zeland|
|ENFSI||the European Network of Forensic Science Institutes||Europe|
|JAFAST||Japanese Association Of Forensic Science And Technology||Japan|
|IBFES||the International Board of Forensic Engineering Sciences||USA|
|IICFIP||the International Institute of Certified Forensic Investigation Professionals||105 countries|
|NAFE||American National Academy of Forensic Engineer||USA|
|OSAC||the Organization for Scientific Area Committees for Forensic Science||USA|
|SARFS||the Southern Africa Regional Forensic Science Network||South Africa|
|SMANZFL||the Senior Managers of Australian and New Zealand Forensic Laboratories||Australia & New Zeland|