PrePrint: Application Transparency: How and Why are Providers Manipulating Our Information?

In contrast to network neutrality, application transparency has so far received little scientific or media attention. Consequently, little is being done to ensure that Internet users understand how the information they receive may have been manipulated, let alone ensuring that they know whether they really are being given the information they asked for. We initiate a discussion of this problem by attempting a definition of application transparency, describing a categorization system for the reasons behind application manipulation, presenting and analysing some real-world examples of unexpected service behavior, and finally providing suggestions for achieving true application transparency.