A National Workshop on Real-Time Digital Simulation for Power Engineering Applications

IEEE Student Branch Chapter IIT Mandi in collaboration with IEEE IAS SB Chapter of IIT Mandi organized a national workshop on “Real-Time Digital Simulation for Power Engineering Applications”, 13-16 June 2019 at IIT Mandi.

This workshop was partially sponsored by IEEE IAS and Science and Engineering Research Board (SERB), India. The workshop’s objective was to enhance the knowledge of the participants in the area of the “Real-Time Digital Simulation for Power Engineering Applications”. With the theme of “Real-Time Digital Simulation for Power Engineering Applications,” this event was providing an environment for research scholars, faculty members, and industry personnel to know, grow, develop, experience and exchange their ideas to fortifying the technological developments. Modern power systems are progressing towards cutting-edge technology which demands the whole new ideas in operations, power management/utilization and this makes the real-time simulators inevitable. So flexible, scalable, fast and practical ground-based real-time digital system is the key requirement of the present electrical power systems. Here at IIT Mandi, we usually carry out our complex and critical research works fluently with such a state-of-the-art real-time digital simulator system. The drive of this workshop is to provide acquaintance to the participants in the direction of real-time digital simulation used for power engineering and industrial applications. Our motive is to deliver the latest and best-in-class procedural training to participants. This program was including lecture sessions, discussions on research issues by the participants, poster presentation and most importantly an intensive hands-on training on state-of-the-art digital simulators that are available in the power engineering laboratory of IIT Mandi.

A unique, national-level opportunity that delved into the high-level, strategic issues relating to applications of the Power System Engineering, Power Electronics, Electrical Machines, and Renewable Energy systems. The workshop provided a platform for an in-depth discussion on the various challenges and their possible remedies which benefited participants from academic/ R&D institutions and engineers. The 04 days workshop was included demonstration experiments/ training on Real-Time Digital Simulator (RTDS) and OPAL-RT and research solutions for the Power Engineering applications.

The workshop was attended by the students of IIT Mandi and other institutes. The workshop on real-time computing is to bring together researchers working on real-time systems (undergraduate and graduate students and Ph.D. students, faculty members, postdocs, etc.). The workshop provides a relaxed forum to present and discuss new ideas, to explore new research directions, and to review current trends in the real-time systems area. It is based on both short presentations and hands-on experience sessions to encourage stimulating discussions.

The scope of the workshop includes (but is not limited to) the following areas:

Real-time system design and analysis: task and message scheduling, modeling, verification, worst-case execution time estimation, distributed systems, fault tolerance, quality of service.

Infrastructure and hardware for real-time systems: Advance electrical machine drives, power electronics converters, power generation, transmission, and distribution system.

Software technologies for real-time systems: compilers, programming languages, and component-based technologies.

Real-time applications: Robotics and automation, power generation system, electrical drives and etc.

Speaking about the impact of the workshop, Dr. Bharat S. Rajpurohit, coordinator of the workshop and Associate Professor, School of Computing and Electrical Engineering, IIT Mandi, said, that a large number of participant registrations shows the importance and significance of learning RTDS and Opal RT tool.  Since the topic of the workshop was related to their academic and curriculum growth, participants from different streams have shown their interest in the workshop. There were more than 65 candidates registration in total out of which approximately 35 were from other neighboring state institutes. He also greeted the resource persons from RTDS and Opal RT who took efforts and time confirming their attendance to the workshop for giving hands-on training to the attendees.

Highlighting the unique aspects of this workshop, Prof. S. N. Singh, Fellow, IEEE, Vice-chancellor, MMMUT, Gorakhpur, India, delivered a lecture on “Estimation of Grid Harmonics in the Presence of Renewable Energy Sources”. Prof. Singh briefed major concerns of power system design & operation like; Quality, Reliability, Security, and Economy. He covered major issues and challenges in Power System Applications.  He also discusses on the role of Power Electronics Applications in Power Systems and why Harmonics are matter of concerns. Prof. Singh has covered stat-of-art signal processing and intelligent techniques for estimation of non-stationary harmonics. He has shared several experimental results to support the analytical foundations. The participants raised several questions related to current scenario of power system stability and issues about harmonics.

Prof. S. N Singh obtained his M.Tech and PhD in Electrical Engineering from Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, in 1989 and 1995 respectively. Presently, he is a Vice-Chancellor at Madan Mohan MalviyaUniversity ofTechnology, Gorakhpur and leave from Professor (HAG),Department of Electrical Engineering, Indian Institute of TechnologyKanpur, India. Before joining IIT Kanpur as an Associate Professor, Dr.Singh worked with UP State Electricity Board as an Assistant Engineerfrom 1988 to 1996, with Roorkee University (now IIT Roorkee) asAssistant Professor from 1996 to 2000 and with Asian Institute of Technology, Bangkok, Thailand as Assistant Professor from 2001 to 2002.

The chief guest of the workshop was Prof.  Ramesh Oruganti. He is an Adjunct Professor at the Indian Institute of Technology Mandi.  Prof. Ramesh obtained his M.Tech from IIT Madras in 1972 and Ph.D. from Virginia Tech. University in 1987. His research interest on an efficient and high-performance DC-DC power conversion, AC-AC power converters for improved power quality and high-performance stand-alone and grid connected inverters for renewable energy and other applications. Prof. Orugantiintroduced about how Real -Time Digital Simulation useful for Power Electronics applications. He also highlighted on the significance of these tool in industries. 

Dr. Prem Felix, Associate professor, IIT Mandi, said, that the workshop on Real Time Digital Simulation for Power Engineering Applications is very useful in academic as well as industry research department. Also, he introduced about different school of IIT Mandi and why IIT Mandi has no department like private institute. He said, when we are classified department according to Engineering field then our knowledge is bounded to only that department but in IIT Mandi has four schools instead of department. So, research scholars and faculties are involved in various field and do effectively research. 

Dr. Naran Pindoriya, Associate Professor, IIT Gandhinagar, delivered technical talk on Application of Real-Time Simulators for Solar PV Integration. Dr. Pindoriya briefed on Solar Power integration at IIT Gandhinagar, key challenges for real-time monitoring and energy management. Also, Dr. Pindoriya explained developed DC microgrid for lab scale level at IIT Gandhinagar. The participants raised several questions related to current scenario of DC and AC microgrid, renewable energy sources and Solar power plant. 

Dr. Ranjana Sodhi, Assistant Professor, IIT Ropar, delivered technical talk on Active Distribution Network Applications using Real Time Simulators. Dr. Sodhi briefed on A few RTDS Applications in Active Distribution Networks (ADNS), evolution of electric power system, conventional power system, present day distribution power system and phasor measurement unit. The participants raised several questions related to analysis of distribution signal, current and voltage harmonic and noise in power system network.  

Dr. Narsa Reddy, Assistant Professor, IIT Mandi, delivered technical talk on Power Electronics Interfaces for Renewable Energy Applications. Dr. Reddy briefed on Dynamic Energy Management of Renewable Grid/ Islanded IntegratedHybrid Energy Storage System (HESS): Challenges and Investigations. Dr. Reddy discussed on Real Time Project on Microgrid with HESS, Hybrid Microgrid System, Grid Interactive/Islanded Hybrid Energy Storage System, AC coupled microgrid test bed at Clean Energy Research Laboratory(CERL), NTU, Singapore and OPAL-RT and other facilities at CERL, NTU, Singapore. 

Dr. ShravanaMusunuri – Head AXES Team (R & D), delivered talk on real time simulations as a technology enables for Efficiency system design, test and validation. Dr. Musunuri briefed on Need for Real Time Simulations,what is Real Time Simulation, Modeling and Simulation – Some Rules of Thumb, XiL – Different Scenarios, OPAL-RT Hardware, Software and Example Applications. Dr. Musunuridiscussed on current challenges of power systems, why real time and benefits of real time in engineering field. 

Mr. Biswajeet Rout – Application Engineering OPAL-RT, India, delivered a talk on RT-LAB Solution for Real-Time Applications. Mr. Rout discussed on General concepts about real-time applications, grouping into subsystems, naming the subsystems, adding OpComm blocks, maximizing parallel execution, setting simulation parameters, executing off-line. Mr. Rout also gave demonstration & Hands-on sessions with OPAL-RT. During Mr. Rout’s session the participant implemented few power electronics examples in OPAL-RT Simulator and observed real-time results on an oscilloscope. 

Mr. Chaitanya Deshpande, RTDS, delivered talk on Real-Time Digital Simulator. Mr. Deshpande discussed on what is a real-time system and why it is important for develop any prototype system. Mr. Deshpande also gave demonstration & Hands on Session with RTDS. During Mr. Deshpande session the participant implemented few power system and power electronics examples in RTDS and observed real time results on RSCAD Software. 

Prof. S. C.  Jain joined for valedictory function of workshop.  He gave talk on how this workshop is helpful for industry and academicians. He further distributed the certificate to all the participants. 

Fig. 1.
Inaugural function of a workshop by Prof. Ramesh Oruganti.

Fig. 2. Workshop group photo including all participants and resource persons.

Fig. 3.  Introduction about IIT Mandi and the workshop by Dr. Bharat Singh Rajpurohit.

Fig. 4. Hands-on-session on Real-Time Digital Simulation. 

Fig. 5. Parashar lake trip visit by participants