# RADAR Technologies

Dear participants:

We are glad to publish the course description of the short course with Lorenzo Lo Monte:

OVERALL COURSE DESCRIPTION: Introduction to Radar is a comprehensive course on radar systems with an emphasis on modern systems, signal processing, phenomenology and algorithm development. The objective is to gain an overview of classical and modern radar concepts, including SAR/ISAR, GMTI/STAP, AESA/MIMO, and EW. People attending the course will have sufficient knowledge to begin developing new algorithms and hardware, and being able to read radar literature. The course is tailored to an engineering audience (Bachelor on electrical, computer or software engineering), and basic concepts of math (complex numbers, Fourier transform, linear algebra, probability, dB) and physics (waves, circuit theory, electromagnetics) are assumed. Practitioner engineers, engineers managers, and people who have not attended previous radar courses are preferred. There are 16 lectures of 45 min each.

Radar | PAR100.1 | History of Radar / Exemplar Applications | the founders of radar. First radar experiments. Radar during war times. The beginning of modern radars. Radar examples (Air, Sea, Ground, Ballistic, GPR, Passive, OTH, ATC, Homing, SAR, GMTI, Space, and so on) | 1 | Lo Monte |

Radar | PAR100.2 | Radar Range Equation | Derivation and interpretation | 2 | Lo Monte |

Radar | PAR100.6 | Radar Cross Section and Clutter | RCS Definition and properties. RCS statistical interpretation. Clutter definition. Clutter types. Statistical properties. Swerling models | 3 | Lo Monte |

Radar | PAR100.7 | Processing in Fast Time / Part 1 | Introduction to the Datacube. Range Sampling. Waveforms. The concept of Pulse Compression. Pulse Compression and Matched Filter. Pulse Compression using FIR and FFT | 4 | Lo Monte |

Radar | PAR100.9 | Processing in Slow Time | Signal properties of a moving target. The Doppler effect. Moving Target Indication. Range/Doppler Ambgiuities. Pluse Doppler Processing. Low/Mid/High PRF Regimes. Ambiguity Function | 5 | Lo Monte |

Radar | PAR100.11 | Detection Theory | Matematical Formulation of the Detction Problem. Probability of Detection and False Alarm. Detection Thresholding. Coherent Detection | 6 | Lo Monte |

Radar | PAR100.13 | CFAR | The CFAR problem. Cell Averaging CFAR and its properties. Other CFAR algorithms. Clutter mapping | 7 | Lo Monte |

Radar | PAR100.15 | Tracking Radar Principles | CONOPS of a Tracking Radar. Angle tracking and monopulse. Range/Doppler tracking. | 8 | Lo Monte |

Radar | PAR100.16 | Tracking Filters | Types of tracking algorithms. Derivation of alpha-beta filter. Kalman Filter. Measurement-to-data association. Data fusion and future trends in Tracking | 9 | Lo Monte |

Radar | PAR100.20 | Sidelobe Blanking and Cancellation | Sidelobe blanking. Sidelobe cancellation. Adaptive algorithms | 10 | Lo Monte |

Radar | PAR100.21 | Electronically Scanned Array Technology | “Analog” phased arrays. Analog beamforming. Phased arrays technology. Understanding how to create beams digitally | 11 | Lo Monte |

Radar | PAR100.23 | Adaptive Beamforming | Adaptive beamforming. Covariance matrix estimation. Solving real-world issues. Adaptive processing applied to other areas | 12 | Lo Monte |

Radar | PAR100.24 | STAP | The GMTI problem. DPCA. Angle/Doppler processing. “Nonadaptive STAP” and STAP | 13 | Lo Monte |

Radar | PAR100.26 | Intro to SAR | SAR from an “Antenna” point of view. SAR from a Range/Doppler point of view. Derivation of SAR equations. SAR performance limits. Derivation of the Doppler Beam Sharpening (strip-map SAR) | 14 | Lo Monte |

Radar | PAR100.28 | Spot-Light SAR. ISAR, InSAR | The K space. SAR as Tomography. Polar formatting algorithms. Motion Compensation Algorithms. ISAR as Spot-Light SAR. Range correction. Doppler correction. Typical ISAR algorithm. Interferometric SAR. | 15 | Lo Monte |

Radar | PAR100.30 | Intro to EW | Basic Concepts of EA, EP, and ES | 16 | Lo Monte |